Guide of the Cultural Thesaurus
The North West region of Romania has benefited from the cultural influence of the Austrian –Hungarian Empire for centuries, but the Romanian culture and art are very well represented.
In Cluj, the biggest university centre is the Babes-Bolyai University, established in 1959, which has continued the tradition of the University of Cluj, which has been established in 1581. The study in the Hungarian and German ensures the multiculturalism of the higher education unit.
Cluj is the cultural centre of Transylvania, rich in museums and cultural institutions: the Museum of History of Transylvania, the Museum of Art (Banffy Palace), the Museum of Speleology, the Zoological Museum of the Babes-Bolyai University and the Romanian Opera of Cluj.
The Transylvanian School, important cultural movement, is represented by personalities like Petru Maior, Gheorghe Sincai, Ion Budai Deleanu and Samuil Micu.
The House of Mathias Corvinus, son of John Hunyadi who became King of Hungary and Prince of Transylvania, is still in Cluj and it is admired for the its ogival gate and Gothis windows.
The cultural inheritance from Maramures is represented by personalities like the writer Elie Wiesel, laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, the poet Ion Siugariu and the great Romanian savant Ioan Mihalyi de Apsa.
The House Museum of Elie Wiesel is today a museum dedicated to the Jewish community of Maramures. The writer has been deported at the age of 15 year together to other 38,000 Jewish in the concentration camps by the Horthyst regime.
In the cultural patrimony of the county of Maramures there are also two churches included also in the UNESCO patrimony: the „Sf. Arhangheli” Church of Rogoz and the Wooden Church „Intrarea Maicii Domnului in Biserica” of Barsana.
Other monuments of the National Cultural Patrimony of Maramures are the Wooden Church of Calinesti-Susani and the Wooden Church of ”Sfintii Arhangheli” of Valenii Somcutei.
The ex residence of the Jesuit monks of Baia Mare still has a special atmosphere, even it has been transformed over the years into library and than into general school. But the symbol of the city of Baia Mare is the Saint Stephen Tower, a watch tower which has been built in the 13th century.
In Bihor, the town with the biggest cultural inheritance is Oradea, where there are two famous higher education institutions: the „Emaniul Gojdu” National College and the “Mihai Eminescu” National College.
The Fortress of Oradea, mentioned for the first time in documents in 1241, still keeps an impressive Archaeological Site of the settlement and necropolis since the Medieval age in the 9th – 13th centuries.
The Museum of the Three Rivers, the Museum of the Society of History and Archaeology, the Ady Endre Memorial Museum and the Iosif Vulcan Memorial are important cultural reference points of the town, together the multitude of Orthodox, Roman-Catholic and Evangelic Lutheran Churches and Monasteries. The most known is the Moon Church, with an unique mechanism in Europe in which a sphere with the diameter of three meters imitates the phases of the moon.
In the county of Salaj there is the Roman camp of Porolissum, one of the best maintained archaeological sites of Romania.
The Bathory Fortress and the County Museum of Zalau are the most important centres in which the cultural inheritance of the are is kept.
Bistrita-Nasaud is the county where the famous author Liviu Rebreanu was born, whose Memorial House can be visited in the village called now Liviu Rebreanu.
The Sugalete Complex of Bistrita is other important cultural attraction, formed of 13 buildings since the 15th –16th centuries. Sugaletele, formed of many buildings with levels connected through a gallery with 20 arcades are the most typical Renaissance buildings of Transylvania.
In Satu Mare is kept the cultural inheritance of the Oas Country, in the museum dedicated to the inhabitants of this area, situated in Negresti Oas.
The collections of popular costumes, ceramics, but also plastic art and photos are exhibited inside, but the museum has also an open air space and monuments such as the wooden church of the village of Lechinta. The ceramics of Vama, traditional and famous is now prepared only at the Museum of Negresti.
Other cultural attractions Satu Mare are the Art Museum, situated in the House of Vecsey, the Ady Endre Memorial Museum, important poet of the region and the Memorial Workshop of Paul Erdos, where can be found graphic, painting and sculpture works of the drawer.
- 1 “Mihai Viteazul” (Michael the Brave) – rural celebration
- 2 “La fântâna dorului” (At the Sorrow Fountain) – folk festival
- 3 The Onion Festival
- 4 Negreni Fair
- 5 The Grapes Ball
- 6 Folklore and folk art afferent to the tradition of Beius Fair
- 7 The Slovakian Potatoes Holiday
- 8 Aeternus Maramorosiensis – Medieval Festival of Sighetu Marmatiei
- 9 The “Salajean Village” Festival – Porolissum
- 10 Autumn on Ierului Valley