Culture and art
The North West Transylvania region is one of the most important cultural complexes in Romania.
The County of Maramures has an unique cultural complex in Romania. Famous from this point of view are the Maramures gates, built with a special technique, transmitted from generation to generation. The Maramures Trinity is other element specific to the local culture. The sole trinity still standing is the Trinity of Redniceni.
On the list of the cultural objectives of Maramures there is the Museum of Ethnography and Popular Art of Baia Mare, the County Museum of History and Archaeology of Baia Mare and Museum of Art of Baia Mare.
At the chapter art we should mention also the wooden churches that entered in the patrimony of UNESCO: the “Sfintii Arhangheli Mihail si Gavriil” Church and the Wooden Church of Budesti, among others. From the artistic and cultural point of view, is also the Merry Cemetery of Sapanta, an unique place in Romania.
The city of Satu Mare has many cultural objectives. The North Theatre, the “Dinu Lipatti” Philharmonics, the County Library, the County Museum and the Art Museum are the main attractions, but once you arrive there the tourists are advised to visit also other objectives.
In the county of Satu Mare, the tourists can discover the traditions of the place by visiting the museums dedicated to the ethnography: Museum of “Moti”(people from Apuseni), Museum of Tara Oasului(Oas Land) and the “Svabesc” Museum.
The personalities who have honoured the city of Satu Mare have memorial houses, which every year are visited by hundreds of tourists: the Memorial House of Aurel Popp and the Memorial House of Dr. Vasile Lucaciu.
The Chain Reformed Church of Satu Mare, built in the 18th century, the Romanian – Catholic Cathedral and the Administrative Palace are completing the list of the cultural objectives of the county of Satu Mare.
The city of Cluj-Napoca is the most important cultural and university centre of Transylvania. The “Babes-Bolyai” University of Cluj is one of the most important institutions of higher education of Romania, with more than 40,000 students every year. The current denomination stands still the years ‘50, previously known as University of Cluj.
The culture fans have at their disposals many objectives, one more beautiful than the other. Among these we can mention the Museum of Village, the National Museum of History of Transylvania, The State Hungarian Theatre, the “Lucian Blaga” National Theatre and the National Museum of Art of Banffy Palace.
The National Theatre of Cluj includes also the institution of the Romanian Opera of Cluj, founded in 1919.
The libraries represent other objectives on the cultural map of Cluj, especially that some of these institutions are the biggest in Romania: the Library of Academy and the “Lucian Blaga” Central University Library.
The most important cultural objectives of the county of Bihor can be found in the city of Oradea.
The State Theatre and the State Philharmonics are the cultural institutions most often visited by the tourists in Oradea, but the city prestige is given by the higher education institutions. The University of Oradea is one of the most modern institutions of this kind in the country.
In order to know the cultural evolution of the city of Oradea, the tourists can make a tour of the most important museums and memorial houses: the “Iosif Vulcan” Memorial Museum, the National Military Museum, the Museum of “Tara Crisurilor” (Three Rivers Land) and the “Lucian Blaga” Memorial House. On the arts chapter, it can be distinguished the Gallery of Visual Arts of Oradea.
The town of Zalau is the cultural centre of Salaj. From this point of view, the most notable edifices are the County Museum of Arts and History, the Municipal Culture House, the “Ioan Sima” Art Gallery and the Documentary Library.
Among the other cultural objectives of the county there are also the Monument of Mihai Viteazu of Guraslau, the Museum of Village of Cizer, the “Iuliu Maniu” Memorial House of Badacin and the Statuary Group of Wesselenyi of Zalau.
Bistrita, the biggest city of the county of Bistrita-Nasaud, houses a series of remarkable culture institutions: the “Teodor Tanco” Literary and Memorial Museum”, the “Balada” Folklore Ensemble, the County Library of Bistrita-Nasaud, the “George Cosbuc” Municipal Cultural Centre and the Union of Plastic Artists of Romania.
Also in the town of Nasaud there are institutions dedicated to the cultural manifestations and activities. Here deserves mentioning the “Liviu Rebreanu” Memorial House, the “Virtus Romana Rediviva” Lecture Society, the Nasaud Museum and the Documentary Library of Nasaud.
In the county of Bistrita-Nasaud there is a museum complex, important from the cultural, artistic and ethnographic point of view. The tourists are expected at the Compared Art Museum of Sangeorz-Bai, the “Sas” (Saxon of Transylvania) Museum House of Livezile and the “George Cosbuc” Memorial Museum.
- 1 “Mihai Viteazul” (Michael the Brave) – rural celebration
- 2 “La fântâna dorului” (At the Sorrow Fountain) – folk festival
- 3 The Onion Festival
- 4 Negreni Fair
- 5 The Grapes Ball
- 6 Folklore and folk art afferent to the tradition of Beius Fair
- 7 The Slovakian Potatoes Holiday
- 8 Aeternus Maramorosiensis – Medieval Festival of Sighetu Marmatiei
- 9 The “Salajean Village” Festival – Porolissum
- 10 Autumn on Ierului Valley