Discover region’s cities

Transylvania houses some of the most beautiful cities in Romania, with a hundred years old tradition, impressive buildings and statues reminding of its outstanding historical personalities.

Baia Mare is the Residence City of Maramures County and hosts many buildings of historical importance.

Photo source: primarie.multinet.ro

Turnul Stefan (Stephen’s Tower) of Baia Mare is one of the city’s symbols and it was built in Gothic style in the 15th Century by Prince John Hunyadi (Ioan de Hunedoara). It was built in order to celebrate the victory obtained at Ialomita against the Turks. Later on, it was used for surveillance of fires, having a height of 40 meters.

Photo source: emaramures.ro

The Old Centre of Baia Mare City or Piata Libertatii (Liberty Square) includes an architectural complex consisting of 20 medieval buildings declared historical monuments. Many of these buildings date from the fifteenth century and they are made in Gothic style. Among the oldest buildings we can mention Lendvay House, the Medieval Restaurant or the building of the Minorite Monks Order. The Liberty Square is an ideal place for walking, as pedestrian areas, restaurants, terraces and artesian wells have been arranged here.

Photo source: baimareanul.com

Elizabeth House or Iancu de Hunedoara House, built in 1445, is the oldest building in Baia Mare. It was part of the old medieval castle built for Elizabeth, John Hunyadi’s wife. The building currently houses the Mine Flowers Exhibition.

Photo source: enciclopedie.transindex.ro

Sighetu Marmatiei is the cultural centre of historical Maramures, located at the border of Romania and Ukraine.

Photo source: firstminute.ro

The Sighetu Marmatiei Prison is one of the most famous prisons in Romania. Here were imprisoned intellectuals who were considered a threat for the communist regime. Currently, the prison was turned into a museum, known as the Memorial to the Victims of Communism and the Resistance.

Photo source: tripadvisor.com

The Village Museum of Sighetu Marmatiei recreates the typical Maramures village, with narrow streets, houses, and other traditional objects of this area. The main attraction of the museum is the wooden tower church, from the Oncesti village.

Photo source: funtur.ro

The Hebrew Cemetery of Sighetu Marmatiei presents the Jewish culture and possesses several major attractions. They include the synagogue, the “Ellie Wiesel” Memorial House and the Soap Monument, which was erected in the memory of the Jews exterminated in the Nazi camps.

Photo source: turistik.ro

Oradea is the Residence City of Bihor County. It is located on the Crisul Repede River shore, close to the border with Hungary. At Oradea, in the Middle Age, there was opened the first astronomical observatory in Europe.

 

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The City Hall Palace is located in the Central Square of Oradea. The impressive building was constructed in 1902, in eclectic and renaissance style. The City Hall has a 50 meters high clock tower.

Photo source: wikimedia.org

The Rimanoczy Palace was built in 1905, according to the plans drawn up by Kalman Rimanoczy, in gothic-venetian style. The impressive building is one of Oradea City symbols.

 

Photo source: bihon.ro

The Ursuline Complex as built in 1765 by the canon Szenczy Istvan in Baroque style. It has functioned as a primary school, a pedagogical school, presently housing the “Ady Endre” High School.

 

Photo source: otlra.ro

Bistrita is the Residence City of Bistrita – Nasaud County and possesses numerous cultural and tourist attractions.

 

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The Sugalete Complex is composed of 13 buildings dating since XV – XVI century, being typical for the Transylvanian renaissance age. The 13 buildings form a gallery with archways which used to shelter the merchants’ goods.

Photo source: boi2011.ro

The Evangelical Church of Bistrita was built in the years 1320 – 1470 in Gothic style, but it resembles a Roman basilica. The church tower has a height of 75 meters, being the highest in the country. The interior is realized in Gothic, Baroque and Renaissance styles, with an organ from 1795, bells from 1430, stained glass and many craftsmen flags.

 

Photo source: scs.ubbcluj.ro

Satu Mare is an important cultural and economical centre of Romania, having numerous attractions, buildings and historical monuments.

Photo source: ayontravel.ro

The Assumption of the Virgin Orthodox Cathedral was built between the years 1932-1937. The cathedral is famous for its choir, with a tradition of over 75 years. There are also numerous valuable documents in the cathedral regarding the history of Maramures.

Photo source: viziteaza-satumare.com

The Roman-Catholic Cathedral, located in Liberty Square, is one of the most impressive buildings of Satu Mare. It was built in Neo-Classical style in 1830 – 1837.

 

Photo source: skytrip.ro

The Firemen’s Tower was built between the years 1903 – 1904 and has a height of 45 meters. This tower is one of the Satu Mare City symbols.

Photo source: turistik.ro

Clujul is one of the most beautiful cities in Romania, with a developed cultural and economical life. The tourists coming here can admire many attractions, such as palaces, historic buildings, museums, churches and parks.

 

Photo source: basilica.ro

Matei Corvin’s (Matthias Corvinus) Statue is a symbol for the Cluj City downtown. The statue was built in 1894, 450 years from Matthias Corvinus’ birth. Located in Unirii Square (Union Square), the statue was realized by the sculptor Fadrusz Janos. It is 12 metres high and stretches on a surface of 20 square metres. This surface also includes the statues of other Transylvanian historical figures.

Photo source: curentul.ro

The St. Michael Roman-Catholic Church was built between the years 1350 – 1437 in Gothic style. It is one of the most imposing Gothic buildings in Romania, representative for the Gothic architecture of Transylvania. It has a height of 80 meters and it is located in the Unirii Square of Cluj.

Photo source: clipedecluj.ro

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