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A museum of ethnography is the place for those who want to learn more about folklore, traditions and customs. If you want to visit the largest museum of its kind in Romania, then you really need to pass the threshold of the Ethnographic Museum in Cluj.
The Reduta Palace, the building that houses the Ethnographic Museum – declared a historical monument – is located on the Memorandului Street, right in Cluj-Napoca downtown.
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, in this building there was the most important inn in town, the famous Calul Balan. Subsequently, the Art Museum of Cluj operated here as well, but it was replaced by the actual Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania.
Over 50,000 records of the Transylvanian population occupations were collected and preserved during the eight decades when the museum has functioned without any interruption. Moreover, the museum institution was the first in Romania that was based on a rigorous scientific program made by the leading specialists of the time.
The objects which can be admired here are carefully organized into several sections. Visitors can choose the section Occupations, Home-Food, Textiles or Ceramics. Also, those who visit the museum can see thousands of traditional clothing in the section Costumes. The outdoor section or the international one should not be avoided by those who want to learn how Transylvanian tradition has evolved.
There are also over 12,000 specialty journals and nearly 50,000 photographs relevant to the specific of the museum. Due to the space related restrictions, the Ethnographic Museum representatives are extremely selective in choosing the exhibits, so here are hosted the finest carpets, national costumes, objects related to the processing of textiles, pottery, grazing, fishing or tools used in farming.
The outdoor section is not near the Museum, but within the Romulus Vuia Ethnographic Park, a veritable museum of the village, located on the Taietura Turcului Street in the Hoia area of Cluj.
Here you can walk freely in any of the 13 households or in the three wooden churches. But they are not the only attractions. In addition, visitors can see what an old cemetery gate or technical installations of the peasants look like. Moreover, we should mention the five workshop houses which can be found in the Romulus Vuia Ethnographic Park.
The Ethnographic Museum of Cluj can be visited from Tuesday to Sunday, between 09:00 and 17:00. Attention, the park is closed from November 1st to April 30th.
Images from Ethnographic Museum
- 1 “Mihai Viteazul” (Michael the Brave) – rural celebration
- 2 “La fântâna dorului” (At the Sorrow Fountain) – folk festival
- 3 The Onion Festival
- 4 Negreni Fair
- 5 The Grapes Ball
- 6 Folklore and folk art afferent to the tradition of Beius Fair
- 7 The Slovakian Potatoes Holiday
- 8 Aeternus Maramorosiensis – Medieval Festival of Sighetu Marmatiei
- 9 The “Salajean Village” Festival – Porolissum
- 10 Autumn on Ierului Valley