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The Beius Fairs tradition of Bihor County date from several hundred years ago, as they have been certified since 1454, when Ladislaus V King of Hungary granted the town several rights regarding trading and fairs, since they were held every week.
But it was not until 1787, when Beius got the right to hold four fairs each year and a smaller fair, locally, every week on Thursdays. Moreover, their popular names have been preserved up to these days: “targul slugutelor” (the servants’ fair), in which the servants obviously participated, “targul de secerat” (the harvesting fair) organized in summer, “targul de la Samedru” (the fair of Samedru) in the fall, while in winter the fair is called “de Broaste”.
The importance of the fair was not to be neglected at all in that time, both from the commercial point of view, but also by the young people from remote villages who often ended up marrying the boy or the girl met at the fair.
Although recognized for handicraft products, today they are becoming fewer, on the background of people forgetting the old crafts. However there are present at the fairs in Beius objects such as, pots, jugs and mugs, and the potters still have an important place within the fair.
You can also find undoubtedly the lime of Meziad and medicinal herbs gathered by the Poieni inhabitants and the wooden ladders, made by the craftsmen from Cresuia.
The custom “tiujeritul” is not lost either, in other words, more meaningful to us, the business with cattle and horses. Animals are bought at lower prices by Moti (Apuseni locals) and a few weeks later, sold at higher prices at the Beius fair, in general to the buyers from Arad area.
Like in any important fair, there are not missing the small producers of cheese, sweet ewe cheese or veal meat, well known in the area for its quality, nor the specialties such as goat milk. The fruit brandy and other strong alcoholic beverages from that area are wonderful accompanied by barbecues heating up during the fair.
Thus, Beius became a place where tradition and the past fusion with the new technologies, as currently a project for generating energy from geothermal resources is carried out in the town.
In order to visit the city and participate in such a unique experience at the fair, you can go on the European Road 79 or DN 76, the town being situated 30 kilometres from Bihor Mountains, in southern Bihor County.
Images from Folklore and folk art afferent to the tradition of Beius Fair
- 1 “Mihai Viteazul” (Michael the Brave) – rural celebration
- 2 “La fântâna dorului” (At the Sorrow Fountain) – folk festival
- 3 The Onion Festival
- 4 Negreni Fair
- 5 The Grapes Ball
- 6 Folklore and folk art afferent to the tradition of Beius Fair
- 7 The Slovakian Potatoes Holiday
- 8 Aeternus Maramorosiensis – Medieval Festival of Sighetu Marmatiei
- 9 The “Salajean Village” Festival – Porolissum
- 10 Autumn on Ierului Valley