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The inhabitants of Maramures are famous worldwide due to their customs and way of being. The culture, traditions and their merry and welcoming character make those who live in Maramures admirable people.
The evolution of their activity in time can be seen at the Museum of Ethnography of Baia Mare, a city well known for its sensitivity to beauty and art.
The museum was established together with the Museum Association of the city, in 1899, and the exhibited objects were donated by members and locals. Those who founded the department of ethnography have intended to study the local folklore, the folk traditions, but also to gather representative photographs in order to be displayed.
Their enthusiasm was disrupted by the Second World War, but the activity in the Museum of Ethnography was resumed, with timidity, in the 50s and approximately 1,000 ethnographic objects were brought to the museum collection. Over the years, those who worked there have also done field studies, which now serve as testimony to those who want to know about the customs of ancestors.
The items collected and purchased were divided into collections, and up to this date have been completed, as needed, reaching 7,000 pieces, many having a thesaurus value.
The museum houses collections of scales, ladles, shepherd spoons (the oldest bing over 200 years), honeycombs and grapes press, wood and glass icons. From the desire to make the folk art and the beauty of ancient habits known, in the ’80s there was also was founded an outdoor museum, located on the Florilor Hill (Flowers Hill).
Here you will find true monuments of folk architecture, such as traditional houses of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but also a wooden church. This museum of the village from the northern Romania is divided into four areas: Tara Codrului, Tara Lapusului, Tara Chioarului and Tara Maramuresului (the Zone of Codru, the Country of Lapus, the Country of Chioar and the Country of Maramures).
The opening program at the Museum of Ethnography is depending on the season – on winter is shorter. Thus, those who want to see the exhibits from the Museum of Ethnography of Baia Mare in the period October to April can do it from Tuesday to Sunday between 10 and 16. On the other hand on summer the gates open 10 and close at 8 pm. Monday is always closed.
Images from The Museum of Ethnography and Folk Art
- 1 “Mihai Viteazul” (Michael the Brave) – rural celebration
- 2 “La fântâna dorului” (At the Sorrow Fountain) – folk festival
- 3 The Onion Festival
- 4 Negreni Fair
- 5 The Grapes Ball
- 6 Folklore and folk art afferent to the tradition of Beius Fair
- 7 The Slovakian Potatoes Holiday
- 8 Aeternus Maramorosiensis – Medieval Festival of Sighetu Marmatiei
- 9 The “Salajean Village” Festival – Porolissum
- 10 Autumn on Ierului Valley