Cluj

The Princely Palace

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The Princely Palace
Location:
Turda

Landmark:
Religious & cultural monuments

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If once it was a princely palace in its entire splendor, today enjoys the prestige of being the Museum of History. We are talking about the Princely Palace of Turda, Cluj County, which at the end of sixteenth century and at the beginning of the seventeenth century, was the residence of the Prince Sigismund Bathory.

 

Placed on the list of historical monuments, the old Princely Palace had several names over the centuries, on more interesting than the other. At one point in its history of over 400 years, this imposing building was called the Tax House or Curia of the Tax House, but the weirdest name of all was the “Salt House”. That’s because the original destination was to house Salt Custom from Turda, as a major salt mine was located in the city.

 

Although from the exterior design point of view, the Princely House does not have much to praise about, as it looks very much like an ordinary building, it suffered a true “face-lift” in the early nineteenth century, while 230 years ago important restoration works were carried out here.

 

Since we are talking about its architecture, it is important to know the architecture of the building is essentially Gothic, with elements of Renaissance style, which were added during one of the “remodellings”. Essentially the Prince Sigismund Bathory of Transylvania Palace is a building with ground floor and first floor, approximately square shaped.

 

We do not want to describe in detail the house because that would spoil the surprise of the combination of the two styles mentioned above. The fact is that this symbiosis of Gothic and Renaissance is shown in detailed design of secondary works.

 

For 400 years, the building was one of the most popular residences of the princes of Transylvania. As historical events that happened in this building, we can mention that here took place the Diets of Transylvania, the last of them being held right at the end of the eighteenth century.

 

As I was saying at the beginning, this building is now a true museum. This new title was obtained in 1943, when it became the Museum of History of Turda. However, the museum was inaugurated only in 1951, upon the will of Augustin Ratiu.

 

As a museum, the institution boasts with a vast collection of objects, mostly from the Roman “age”. Many of them have numismatic value and they are objects included in the study of representative Romanian researchers, and such as John I. Russu.

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