Specifics of location
The atmosphere in Transylvania is quiet, such as the people who live in this area, where the multiculturalism is almost never affected by ethnic conflict, and the Romanian and Hungarian cultures and traditions are not mutually excluded.
The beauty and richness of the nature, such as the Apuseni Mountains Reservations, caves and hot springs of Baile Herculane, gives this area a special charm, complemented by conserving the traditions.
The gastronomy of area, for example the Transylvanian “bulz” (polenta chunks with goat’s cheese or smoked ham) and the Transylvanian soup or “sarmale” (forcemeat rolls in cabbage leaves) with “pasat” (coarsely ground maize), or “bograci” goulash, “cocoroada” and “gomboti” offer a special combination of flavours and tastes.
The charm of Cluj area is given exactly by the specific multicultural character, which has taught people to accept diversity and contributed to the famous “Transylvanian calm”.
The Turda Keys and Tureni Keys are among the areas with a great diversity of flora and fauna, protected for their botanical, zoological and geological significance.
The local traditions vary from “Impanatul boului” – Ox Adornment, an agrarian and nuptial ritual, to “Papalugara”, a Rusalii – Pentecost custom, during which two young lads in leaf suits start going with a procession through the entire village, together with a “Fluieras” – Whistle player, dancing their leaves according to its singing.
A visit to this area would not be complete without tasting the cabbage á la Cluj, a dish also known as the cabbage casseroles – moussaka.
In Maramures, architecture, gastronomy and traditions contribute to the unique charm of this area. The famous Maramures gates are imposing wooden constructions, with different themes: twisted rope, sun and tree of life.
The figures carved in the Maramures gates protected the home from evil, according to the craftsmen of the region. Another important feature of the houses in Maramures was “mestergrinda”, an element that supports the entire structure of the roof and links the transversal walls.
The Cock’s Comb Natural Reservation, located in Gutai Mountains, is the best place to discover the natural beauties of Maramures.
Among the culinary delights created in Maramures we can mention the curly pie, the “balmos” (dish with ewe cheese milk and maize) and “coltunasii cu magiun” – jam dumplings.
The wooden churches are perhaps the most representative traditional element in Bihor County. The three Cris Rivers area, with a rich fauna of deer, wild boar and lynx, has over 60 nature reserves and natural monuments, including “Poiana Florilor” (the Flowers Meadow), Crisul Repede Defile, “Valul Miresei” (Bridal Veil Waterfall) and Apuseni National Park.
The archaeological site from Sannicolau Roman retains traces of Neolithic, early Medieval and Medieval Eras settlements, while the city of Oradea, built to protect a monastery against Tatar-Mongol attacks still preserves the ruins of bygone times.
In Bihor County, the culinary charm comes from the Bihor stew with pork, but also other traditional dishes seasoned with tarragon.
Salaj County still preserves the ancient traditions legacy, such as watering the girls in the Easter Monday, to feathers group work and wool spinning or hen song, a custom specific to the weddings of Salaj.
The “red willow” wattle work was useful in building fences for a long time, always low fences, allowing the passer-by to see the whole household yard.
In Bistrita-Nasaud County, the recognized traditional products are kneaded ewe cheese, sour ewe milk and several kinds of sweet cheese, but also the propolis plum brandy with and the dill cheese.
Sangeorz Bai, a balneoclimateric resort famous for its springs, is an ideal halt for those seeking the Bistrita-Nasaud spirit. The castles and towers of Chiochis, Matei, Milau, Sieu-Magherus, Uriu and Urmenis remember the times when the fortifications were a necessity to defend against attacks coming from the east.
Oas County is perhaps the most interesting area of Satu Mare, renowned for its specific pottery, but also for its dances: “Roata” (the Wheel) and “Miresele” (the Brides).
The Folklore Festival “Sambra Oilor” (Sheep Gathering) is the easiest way for the tourists to get familiar with the specific folklore and gastronomy of the area, while the Tur River Nature Reserve offers the opportunity to explore the area’s natural beauties.
- 1 “Mihai Viteazul” (Michael the Brave) – rural celebration
- 2 “La fântâna dorului” (At the Sorrow Fountain) – folk festival
- 3 The Onion Festival
- 4 Negreni Fair
- 5 The Grapes Ball
- 6 Folklore and folk art afferent to the tradition of Beius Fair
- 7 The Slovakian Potatoes Holiday
- 8 Aeternus Maramorosiensis – Medieval Festival of Sighetu Marmatiei
- 9 The “Salajean Village” Festival – Porolissum
- 10 Autumn on Ierului Valley